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Is an acute, highly fatal intoxication of all domestic animals and humans.

It’s caused by neurotoxin produced by bacteria clostridium tetani.


  •  Spores are introduced into the tissue through wounds, especially deep puncture wounds that provide favorable anaerobic environment.
  •  Mass contamination occurs during castration, vaccination, ear tagging, docking and other surgical procedures.
  • Grazing on rough and spiky pastures.


  • Muscle stiffness,
  • constipation,
  • drooling of saliva,
  • inability to chew,
  • bending of tail,
  • rigidity and extension of limbs.

Treatment and prevention

  •  Wound management
  • Good sanitation measures
  • Aseptic surgical and management procedures
  • Vaccination.
  • Treat with antimyo bacterial agent
  • Test newly purchased animals before adding them in your herd.
  • Separation of suspected animals.
  • Affected animals milk should not be fed neonates.

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